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Georgia Geography


Georgia is located in southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia. Comparatively, the area occupied by Georgia is slightly smaller than the state of South Carolina, with a total area of 69,700 sq km (26,911 sq mi). Georgia shares boundaries with Russia on the north and east, Azerbaijan on the east and south, Armenia and Turkey on the south, and the Black Sea on the west. Georgia's land boundary totals 1,461 km (906 mi). Its coastline is 310 km (192 mi). Its capital city, Tbilisi, is located in the southeastern part of the country.

The topography of Georgia is mainly mountainous, with the great Caucasus Mountains in the north and lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south. The Kolkhida Lowland opens to the Black Sea in the west and the Kura River basin lies in the east. Good soils occur in the river valley flood plains and in the foothills of the Kolkhida Lowland. The highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,201 m (17,059 ft), and the second highest is Mount Janga (Jangi-Tau) at 5,051 m (16,572 ft) above sea level. Other prominent peaks include Kazbegi (Kazbek) at 5,047 m (16,554 ft), Tetnuldi (4,974 m/16,319 ft), Shota Rustaveli (4,960 m/16,273 ft), Mt. Ushba (4,710 m/15,453 ft), and Ailama (4,525 m/14,842 ft). Out of the abovementioned peaks, only Kazbegi is of volcanic origin. The region between Kazbegi and Shkhara (a distance of about 200 km along the Main Caucasus Range) is dominated by numerous glaciers. Out of the 2,100 glaciers that exist in the Caucasus today, approximately 30% are located within Georgia.

Georgia's climate along the Black Sea coast is Mediterranean. Farther inland the climate is continental, with warm summers and cold winters. July's mean temperature is 23°C (73.8°F). The mean temperature in January is -3°C (27.3°F ). The annual rainfall in Georgia is 51 cm (20 in).


Location :
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

Geographic coordinates :
42 00 N, 43 30 E

Map references :
Middle East

Area :
total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

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