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Georgia Military


The Georgian military is a defence force consisting of an Georgia Ground Force, Georgian Navy, Georgian Air Force and a paramilitary organisation Georgian National Guard. The national defence policy aims which are based on the Constitution of Georgia are to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state and the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. The armed forces of Georgia are performed under the authority of the Georgian Ministry of Defence.

The Georgian Ground Forces form the largest component of the GAF responsible for providing land defence against any threat to the nation’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, supporting Border Police in border protection and civil authorities in counter-terrorist operations as well as providing units for NATO-led and coalition operations abroad. They are organised into infantry brigades, artillery and other supporting capacities operating at a battalion level.

The Georgian Air Force consists of aviation and air defence assets and provides security to Georgia’s airspace, while the Georgian Navy protects Georgia’s territorial waters and contributes to the collective maritime defence in the Black Sea region. The Special Force Brigade is responsible for conducting reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and counter-terrorism operations. The Georgian National Guard organises trains reservists in the peacetime and mobilises them during a crisis or wartime.

About 200 Georgian troops were deployed in the Kosovo (KFOR) in 1999-2008, 70 were deployed in Iraq (OIF) in 2003 and 50 in Afghanistan in 2004 (ISAF). From 2004 in Iraq were 300 Georgian troops. From 2005 approximately 850 troops were serving under Coalition Command (OIF and UNAMI). On July 2007 Georgia sent an extra 1,400 troops to Iraq; that brought the total number of troops in Iraq to 2,000. On August 8, 2008 Georgia announced it will withdraw 1,000 troops from Iraq due to rising hostilities with Russia. Their preparedness and training skills are evaluated on high level by international experts.

Hence, owing to participation in international peacekeeping missions, the military members are able to obtain practical experience and to show readiness to cooperate with NATO and with other partner countries' forces.


Military branches :
Georgian Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Air and Air Defence Forces
note: naval forces have been incorporated into the coast guard (2009)

Military service age and obligation :
18 to 34 years of age for compulsory and voluntary active duty military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2005)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 1,113,251
females age 16-49: 1,168,021 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 908,282
females age 16-49: 959,290 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 32,355
female: 30,809 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures :
0.59% of GDP (2005 est.)

Military - note :
a CIS peacekeeping force of Russian troops is deployed in the Abkhazia region of Georgia together with a UN military observer group; a Russian peacekeeping battalion is deployed in South Ossetia





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